Lanarkshire Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA)

A set of arrangements set up by law to manage the risk posed by offenders

The Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) are a set of arrangements established by police, local authorities, National Health Service and Health Boards and the Scottish Prison Service (SPS) (known as responsible authorities) to assess and manage the risk posed by sexual and violent offenders.

Sections 10 and 11 of the Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2005 (the Act) provide the statutory basis for the operation of MAPPA; however the principles that govern MAPPA are simple:

  • identify those who may pose a risk of harm
  • share relevant information about them
  • assess the nature and extent of that risk
  • find ways to defensibly manage the risk effectively, using available resources most efficiently, to protect victims and reduce further harm

Who are the MAPPA offenders?

Category 1: Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs):

Those offenders convicted of an offence listed in Schedule 3 to the Sexual Offences Act 2003 and required to comply with the sex offender notification requirements (SONR) set out in Part 2 of the 2003 Act. Those made subject to a Sexual Offences Prevention Order (SOPO), or are convicted of a breach of a Risk of Sexual Harm Order (RSHO).

and Mentally Disordered Restricted Patients. This category of offender comprises those patients subject to specific orders or directions as a result of a mental disorder.

Category 2: Not currently utilised in Scotland

Category 3: Other Risk of Serious Harm Offenders 

Offenders who are not required to comply with the SONR or are a mentally disordered restricted patient; who by reason of their conviction are subject to supervision in the community by any enactment, order or licence; are assessed by the responsible authorities as posing a high or very high risk of serious harm to the public which requires active multi agency management at MAPPA level 2 or 3.

How are offenders managed?

The three management levels in MAPPA are:

Level 1: Routine risk management - which is used in the majority of cases. The risks posed by the offender can be managed by one agency without significant active involvement from the other agencies. The expectation for information sharing, joint working and collaboration at an interagency level remains.

Level 2: Multi agency risk management - which is usually used in high risk cases where the active involvement of more than one agency is required to manage the risks.

Level 3: Multi Agency Public Protection Panels (MAPPPs). The MAPPP is responsible for offenders at level 3, who are expected to be the 'critical few' who pose an imminent risk of serious harm or where there is a high risk of media scrutiny or public interest in the case.

The adoption of the three management levels allows for a consistent approach to MAPPA throughout the country. Each area has discretion in deciding which cases to refer at which level based on the experience and expertise of the agencies involved, but every area must establish arrangements based on the three levels.

The risk management structure is based on the principle that cases should be managed at the lowest MAPPA level commensurate with delivering a defensible risk management plan designed to address the risk of serious harm posed by the offender.

Sex offending spans a wide range of behaviour and it is important that the resources are concentrated against those offenders who may present the highest risk of harm to our communities. Allocation to a MAPPA level is a combination of the level of risk and the complexity of risk management required. The focus of MAPPA is the risk of serious harm to others.

How does it work?

MAPPA is a tiered framework, based on three interconnected levels at which risk of harm is assessed and managed. Prior to a referral to MAPPA, joint working arrangements will already be in place.

In the community, there is an expectation that the police and social work will complete a joint risk assessment, which could be used to inform the Social Enquiry Report. A suggested level of entry to MAPPA is required and a referral would be made to the MAPPA Co-ordinator at the point of sentence by the lead Responsible Authority.

Who checks it is all working?

A Strategic Management Group  monitors and reviews the effectiveness of MAPPA arrangements across the Responsible Authorities in Lanarkshire and is chaired by a senior representative from one of the Responsible Authorities.

Both local authority areas have a Chief Officers' Group for Public Protection who also are kept informed of necessary developments.

Annual Report

Download the pdf icon Lanarkshire MAPPA Annual Report 2018 [2Mb].

For more information

Please contact the Lanarkshire Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements; or see the Scottish Government MAPPA webpage.

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